By Adrian Croft and Phil Stewart
BRUSSELS (Reuters) - NATO and Russia could play a role in eliminating Syria's chemical weapons stockpiles if they were asked to do so by the United Nations, said U.S., NATO and Russian officials on Wednesday.
The destruction of Syria's chemical weapons was discussed at a meeting of NATO and Russian defense ministers in Brussels, the first such meeting in two years.
That raised the possibility that Russia and NATO, which usually regard each other with suspicion, could end up cooperating in tackling the problem.
NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said he expected NATO allies and Russia to respond positively if the United Nations asked them to help deal with the Syrian weapons.
"Whether that would be executed on an individual national basis or collectively, it's really premature to make any assessment on that at this stage," he told reporters.
U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel also foresaw a possible role for NATO.
"If we can continue to see progress made ... in destroying chemical weapons in Syria, then it seems to me that this is going to open opportunities for a lot of nations to play roles in Syria in order to accomplish the objective. It may well be that NATO will be asked for some assistance," he told a news conference after the meeting.
"Russia and NATO have many areas of common interest, including the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons stockpiles," he said.
But he stressed there were "no plans to have any U.S. forces in any way in Syria."
Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu said that if Russia received a request for help with eliminating the Syrian weapons, it would consider it and was ready to discuss the issue with NATO countries.
Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said last month Russia was ready to help guard Syrian chemical weapons sites and destroy Assad's stockpiles, but would not ship any of the chemical arms to Russia for destruction.
Russia and the United States are the only countries with industrial scale capacity to destroy mustard, VX, sarin or cyanide-armed munitions, but the import of chemical weapons is banned under U.S. law.
NATO has shunned any involvement in the Syrian conflict apart from sending Patriot missiles to protect neighboring Turkey.
After years of confrontation over Syria, Russia and the United States brokered a deal last month to put President Bashar al-Assad's chemical arms stockpiles under international control.
The agreement avoided possible U.S. military strikes that Washington said were intended to punish Assad for an August 21 poison gas attack.
In another sign of a thaw in relations between the United States and Russia, Hagel said he and Shoigu had agreed to hold regular video conferences to seek areas for cooperation.
Relations between Washington and Moscow have been chilled by the Syria conflict and Russia's granting of temporary asylum to former U.S. intelligence agency contractor Edward Snowden.
Despite cooperation in areas such as counter-terrorism exercises, Russian and NATO officials made clear there had been no progress on the main issue dividing them - NATO's plans to build an anti-missile system that Russia fears will weaken its nuclear deterrent.
(Additional reporting by Sabine Siebold; editing by Mike Collett-White)